Necrotizing fasciitis (NECK-re-tie-zing FASH-e-i-tis) is a rare bacterial infection that spreads quickly in the body and can cause death. Symptoms may appear as fever, dizziness, or nausea soon after an injury or surgery.
What’s in the name of Necrotizing Fasciitis?
Necrotizing means causing the death of tissues. Fasciitis means inflammation of the fascia (the tissue under the skin that surrounds muscles, nerves, fat, and blood vessels).
Necrotizing fasciitis is a bacterial infection of the tissue under the skin that surrounds muscles, nerves, fat, and blood vessels. The bacteria most commonly get into the body through a break in the skin. Once in the body, the bacteria spread quickly and destroy the tissue they infect. Media reports often call them “flesh eating bacteria.” Unfortunately, necrotizing fasciitis can result in a loss of limbs and even death. Accurate diagnosis, rapid antibiotic treatment, and prompt surgery are important to stopping this infection.
What are the symptoms of Necrotizing Fasciitis?
Early symptoms of necrotizing fasciitis include:
- A red or swollen area of skin that spreads quickly
- Severe pain, including pain beyond the area of the skin that is red or swollen
One must see a doctor right away if come across these symptoms after an injury, even if the injury doesn’t break the skin.
Even though minor illnesses can cause symptoms like these, people should not delay getting medical care.
Later symptoms of necrotizing fasciitis can include:
- Ulcers, blisters, or black spots on the skin
- Changes in the color of the skin
- Pus or oozing from the infected area
- Fatigue (tiredness)
- Diarrhea or nausea
What Treatment People with Necrotizing Fasciitis Need ?
Antibiotics and surgery are typically the first lines of defense if a doctor suspects someone has necrotizing fasciitis.
Doctors often need to perform surgery in order to
- Diagnose the illness
- See how deep the infection has spread
- Quickly remove diseased tissue
Since necrotizing fasciitis can spread so rapidly, patients often must get surgery done very quickly. Doctors also give strong antibiotics through a needle into a vein (IV antibiotics) to try to stop the infection. Sometimes, however, antibiotics cannot reach all of the infected areas because the bacteria have killed too much tissue and reduced blood flow. When this happens, doctors have to surgically remove the dead tissue. Sometimes doctors have to remove the infected limb (e.g., leg, foot, arm) to stop the infection from spreading further. It is not unusual for someone with necrotizing fasciitis to end up needing multiple surgeries.
For curative and preventive medication:
What are the risk factors for patients suffering from Necrotizing Fasciitis?
Necrotizing fasciitis is rare. Chances of getting it are extremely low if you have a strong immune system and practice good hygiene and proper wound care.
Most people who get necrotizing fasciitis have other health problems that may lower their body’s ability to fight infection. Some of these conditions include:
- Kidney disease
Is Necrotizing Fasciitis communicable?
In general, someone with necrotizing fasciitis does not spread the infection to others. Most cases of necrotizing fasciitis occur randomly. The most common way of getting necrotizing fasciitis is when the bacteria enter the body through a break in the skin, including
- Cuts and scrapes
- Insect bites
- Puncture wounds (including those due to IV drug use)
- Surgical wounds
What measures are important good wound care in Necrotizing Fasciitis?
Common sense and good wound care are the best ways to prevent bacterial skin infections.
- Clean all minor cuts and injuries that break the skin (like blisters and scrapes) with soap and water.
- Clean and cover draining or open wounds with clean, dry bandages until they heal.
- See a doctor for puncture and other deep or serious wounds.
- Wash hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand rub if washing is not possible.
- Care for fungal infections like athlete’s foot (use of DADRU DAMAN ointment recommended).
If you have an open wound or skin infection, avoid spending time in
- Hot tubs
- Swimming pools
- Natural bodies of water (e.g., lakes, rivers, oceans)
What type of bacteria are causative of infection of Necrotizing Fasciitis?
Many types of bacteria can cause necrotizing fasciitis, including:
- Group A Streptococcusor group A strep
- Escherichia coli or coli
- Staphylococcus aureus
- Aeromonas hydrophila
Public health experts believe group A Streptococcus (group A strep) is the most common cause of necrotizing fasciitis. Group A strep are the same bacteria that cause strep throat and other common, but generally mild infections.
For building and boosting up body resistance VIGOPROT sachet twice or thrice a day with warter or milk for 50 to 90 days and ASHWORANGE syrup 2 teaspoonful three times a day is recommended